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Our thematic selections : Islamic medicine in the Middle Ages

Arab language scholars translated and annotated major Greek texts, thereby perpetuating an ancient heritage. Aristotle, Hippocrates and Galen all inspired their research in the field of medicine. During the highly religious medieval era, major Arabic-speaking philosophers dared to argue that monotheism was compatible with rational research into the laws of nature. This open-minded spirit led Avicenna and Averroes, both Muslims, and Maimonides, a Jewish rabbi from Cordoba, to describe illnesses and possible treatments for them.

During medieval times, Islamic medicine was far ahead of the knowledge and practices common at the time in the Christian West. This selection presents a few documentary elements, to learn more about this school of thought.

This selection is just a taste of the AWI's rich heritage.

You can find out more about these subjects by exploring this portal or by visiting the Institute.

Commentaire des écrits médicaux d'Avicenne
  • Mariano Santo da Barletta : auteur
  • Mariano Santo da Barletta
  • Venise, Italie
  • 1543
  • Artworks and objects
Globe à encens
  • Syrie
  • 4e quart 15e siècle
  • Artworks and objects
Pot à pharmacie
  • Malaga, Espagne
  • entre 4e quart 14e siècle et 1er quart 15e siècle
  • Artworks and objects
Chapiteau d'alambic
  • Iran
  • entre 12e siècle et 13e siècle
  • Artworks and objects
Petite albarelle
  • Kashan, Iran
  • 1ère moitié 13e siècle
  • Artworks and objects
Coffre à médicaments en bois, du 19e siècle ( musée Dar Belghazi ).
  • TREAL Cécile, RUIZ Jean-Michel
  • MAROC , Salé
  • 1996
  • Photography
Pages d'un traité de médecine de 1582, Musée d'art islamique.
  • KHOURY Ayman
  • EGYPTE , Le Caire
  • 1998
  • Photography
La statue en bronze de Moïse Maïmonide sur la Plaza de Tiberiades. Né à Cordoue en 1135, philosophe-talmudiste, juriste, astrologue, et médecin, il meurt au Caire en 1204.
  • RAMBAUD Thierry
  • ESPAGNE , Cordoue, Andalousie
  • 2002
  • Photography
Le monument dédié à Ibn Rushd ( Averroès ) au pied de l' ancienne muraille arabe; né en 1126 à Cordoue, juriste, médecin, représentant le plus illustre de la philisophie maghrébine du Moyen-Age et principal commentateur d' Aristote, il meurt à Marrakech en 1198.
  • RAMBAUD Thierry
  • ESPAGNE , Cordoue, Andalousie
  • 2002
  • Photography