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Our thematic selections : Algerian Jews

A Jewish community has been found to have existed in Algeria since ancient times. With Islamization, Jews in the Maghreb became dhimmi, which discriminated against them, yet provided protection.

Speaking the native languages (Berber and Arabic) and with customs much different from those of the colonists who settled in Algeria starting in 1830, Jews were granted full French citizenship by the Crémieux Decree of 1870, as opposed to Muslims, who were not.

This acquisition of French citizenship would have a profound impact on the development of the Jewish population in Algeria. As they moved toward integration, these new citizens nevertheless did not abandon their traditional culture and faced virulent anti-Semitism from many Pieds-Noirs (French nationals born in Algeria).

This dual allegiance created friction during the Algerian War of Independence: some Algeria Jews joined the liberation movements.

When the war ended in 1962, an overwhelming majority of Jews left the country.

This selection is just a taste of the AWI's rich heritage. You can find out more about these subjects by exploring this portal or by visiting the Institute.

RDV de l'Histoire du monde arabe (2015) - Une enfance juive en terre d'Islam, au temps de la colonisation française
  • Benjamin STORA
  • 2015
  • Videos
Portrait - Cinéma - "Mon histoire n'est pas encore écrite" (2017) de Jacqueline Gozland
  • Jacqueline GOZLAND
  • 2018
  • Videos
L' ancienne synagogue d' Oran.
  • RAMBAUD Thierry
  • ALGERIE , Oran
  • 2003
  • Photography
Juifs d'Algérie / ; [Commissaire de l'exposition, Anne-Hélène Hoog].
  • Musée d'art et d'histoire du judaïsme (Paris), Hoog, Anne Hélène
  • 2012
  • Printed books
Sarah ou Moeurs et coutumes juives de Constantine (Algérie) ; Camille El-Baz
  • Baz, Camille El-
  • 1971
  • impr. Meyerbeer) ,
  • Printed books
Cultures oasiennes ; essai d'histoire sociale de l'oasis de Bou-Saâda / ; Youssef Nacib ; préf. de Milton Santos.
  • Nasīb, Yūsuf, Santos, Milton
  • 1986
  • Printed books
Les Juifs en Algérie et en Tunisie à l' époque turque ; 1516- 1830 / ; M. Eisenbeth ; [publ. par la] Société historique algérienne
  • Eisenbeth, Maurice
  • 1952
  • Société historique algérienne ,
  • Articles
La Maison de mémoire ; ethnologie d' une demeure judéo- arabe en Algérie : 1937- 1961 / ; Joelle Bahloul
  • Bahloul, Joelle
  • 1992
  • Métailié ,
  • Printed books
Chronique d' une Algérie révolue ; "Comme l' ombre et le vent" / ; Jean Cohen
  • Cohen, Jean
  • 1997
  • L 'Harmattan ,
  • Printed books
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